Research and Publications

Applying Merrill's First Principles of Instruction: Practical Methods Based on a Review of the Literature


Gardner, J. (2010). Applying Merrill's first principles of instruction: Practical methods based on a review of the literature. Educational Technology Magazine, 50(2), pp. 20-25.


Research has shown that when Merrill’s First Principles of Instruction are used as part of an instructional strategy, student learning increases.

A Conceptual Framework for Organizing Active Learning Experiences in Biology Instruction


Introductory biology courses form a cornerstone of undergraduate instruction. However, the predominantly used lecture approach fails to produce higher-order biology learning.

What is Task-Centered Learning?


Many recent models of learning and instruction center learning on real-world tasks and problems to support knowledge application and transfer.